general info about Theriologia Ukrainica

Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 18 Contents of volume >>>

download pdfNikolaichuk, O., I. Zagorodniuk. 2019. The northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) in urban environment of Kyiv and perspectives of formation of its wild populations in Ukraine. Theriologia Ukrainica, 18: 108112.



The northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) in urban environment of Kyiv and perspectives of formation of its wild populations in Ukraine


Olexiy Nikolaichuk, Igor Zagorodniuk


Ukrainian Theriological Society, NAS Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine),
National Museum of Natural History, NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)


Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 18: 108112.




Ukrainian, with English summary, titles of tables, captures to figs


The information on the state of knowledge about the findings and status of the raccoon in the fauna of Ukraine and the neighboring countries is presented, with a detailed analysis of the findings in Polesia, in particular the first case of free state of raccoon in winter in the residential area of the Kyiv metropolis is described. The analysis of available sources shows the widespread practice of keeping raccoons in private zoos and as pets, and also the emersion of regular reports of escapes the individuals from captivity. Examples of wild state are given, that is, raccoons are able to survive without human concern, as well as to find food and shelter on their own. Kyiv's findings testify the rapid synanthropization of the species, in contrast to the exanthropic settlements of the neighboring regions of Belarus, which have ceased to exist at this point in time. All this is considered as evidence of the first stages of formation of a syntanthropic population of the species with the prospect of further formation of a free population. Comparison of the data obtained with current surveys on alien species in Europe reveals the coincidence of such findings and the fact that they are a natural continuation of the invasion of the species in Europe with the further expansion of the limits of free population spread to the east. All this is thanks to escapes from contact zoos and other places where the species is held in captivity, as well as the active adaptation to new living conditions due to climate warming and increasing the probability of survival of the species in natural conditions. The main habitat of the species under current conditions is not natural, but synanthropic locations, in particular residential areas of cities, but the prospect of exanthropization is quite real.


Northern Raccoon, Procyon lotor, Urban Environment, Ukraine.



Bartoszewicz, M. 2011. Procyon lotor. In: Online Database of the European Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS)., Date of access 20/06/2016.
Bobrov, V. V., Varshavsky, A. A., Khlyap, L. A. 2008. Alien Species of Mammals in Ecosystems of Russia. KMK, Moskva, 1232. (In Russian)
Delegan, I. V., I. . Delegan, . . Delegan. 2005. Biology of Forest Birds and Animals. Polly Press, Lviv, 1600. (In Ukrainian)
Gashchak, S. P., Vyshnevsky, D. O., Zalskyi, O. O. 2006. Vertebrate Fauna of the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (Ukraine). Publishing House of CTPYBRVR, Slavutych, 1100. (In Ukrainian)
Heltai, M., Szemethy, L., Lanszki, J., Csanyi, S. 2000. Returning and new mammal predators in Hungary: the status and distribution of the golden jackal (Canis aureus), raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and raccoon (Procyon lotor) in 19972000. Beitrage zur Jagd- und Wildforschung, 26: 95102.
Markevych, O. P., Tatarko, K. I. 1983. Russian-Ukrainian-Latin Zoological Dictionary: Terminology and Nomenclature. Naukova Dumka Press, Kyiv, 1412. (In Ukrainian)
Pavlov, M. P., I. B. Korsakova, N. P. Lavrov. 1973. Acclimatization of Hunting and Hunting Animals and Birds in the USSR. Part 1. Kirov, Volga-Vyatka Book Publishing House, 1536.
Romaniuk, D., J. Byshnev A. Kleschuk. 2016. Chernobyl. Illustrated Album. 2nd edition, revised. Publisher Romanyuk D. M., Minsk, 1256. (In Belarussian)
Rukovsky, N. N. 1958. The modern and possible range of the raccoon-striped raccoon (Procyon lotor L.) in the USSR. Problems of LandZoogeography. Lvivsk. State Univ. High school, Lviv, 221228. (In Russian)
Savitsky, B. P., Kuchmel, S. V., Burko, L. D. 2005. The Mammals of Belarus. Ed. by B. P. Savitsky. Publ. Centre of BSU, Minsk, 1319. (In Russian)
Stubbe, M. 1993. Procyon lotor (Linne, 1758) Waschbar. In: Niethammer, J., Krapp, F. (eds.). Handbuch der Saugetiere Europas. Aula Verlag, Wiesbaden, 331364.
Vyshnevsky, D. 2014. Features of Zoocenoses of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in the Post-Emergency Period. ScientificBulletinoftheUzhgorodUniversity. SeriesBiology, 15: 2023. (In Ukrainian)
Winter, M. 2016. Procyon lotor. In: DAISIE (Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe). November 6th, 2006.
Zagorodniuk, I. V., I. G. Emelianov. 2012. Taxonomy and nomenclature of mammals of Ukraine. Proceedings of the National Museum of Natural History, 10: 530. (In Ukrainian)
Zagorodniuk, I., I. Dykyy. 2012. Hunting mammal fauna of Ukraine: species list and vernacular names. VisnykoftheLvivUniversity.Series Biology, 58: 2144. (In Ukrainian)
Zagorodniuk, I. 2006. Adventive mammal fauna of Ukraine and a significance of invasions in historical changes of fauna and communities. Proceedings of the Theriological School, 8 (Fauna in Anthropogenic Environments): 1847. (In Ukrainian)


to main page of journal >>>

created: 14.12.2019
updated: 14.12.2019

Locations of visitors to this page