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2021 Vol. 12 Contents of volume >>>



download pdfArtemieva, E. 2021. On the processes of sympatric speciation in the group of yellow wag-tails in the Middle Volga region. Novitates Theriologicae, 12: 105111. .



On the processes of sympatric speciation in the group of yellow wagtails in the Middle Volga region


Elena Artemieva (Ulianovsk State Pedagogical University, Ulianovsk)


This article discusses the mechanisms of sympatric speciation in the group of species of yellow wagtails based on hybridization. Interspecific and intraspecific hybridization can be attributed to the genetic mechanisms of divergence of populations of yellow wagtails. The existence of hybridization between the subspecies of the white-eared yellow wagtail M. flava beema and the yellow-fronted wagtail M. lutea leads to the emergence and further accumulation in the population of individuals with a light-colored head to varying degrees, the so-called gray-headed individuals. Intraspecific hybridization of subspecies forms of the yellow wagtail M. flava nominative M. f. flava and white-eared M. f. beema leads to constantly occurring genotypic splits, which support intraspecific polymorphism of populations and provide the basis for further genetic divergence of these subspecies and species. The form of "gray-headed" hybrids is characterized by maximum genetic distances (1306.671375.67), which may correspond to the species rank. The modern polytypic complex of M. flava (in the narrow sense, a series of species and subspecies of only M. flava) probably formed in historical time on the basis of fan hybridization between the original forms of M. f. flava and M. lutea. Thus, the factors of genetic differentiation and divergence, along with ecological and geographical isolation, play a leading role in the formation of the spatio-temporal and genetic structure of the genus Motacilla. Currently, there is an active process of genetic divergence and separation of subspecies and species forms of yellow wagtails under conditions of wide sympatry within a single polytypic complex based on intraspecific and interspecific hybridization in the European part of Russia.


Russian, with English summary



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online: 15.06.2021 print: 15.06.2021


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