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Novitates Theriologicae

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2021 • Vol. 12 • Contents of volume >>>



download pdfEvstafiev, I., I. Zagorodniuk. 2021. Zoonoses as factor of evolution, popu-lation dynamics, and speciation. Novitates Theriologicae, 12: 153–172.



Zoonoses as factor of evolution, population dynamics, and speciation


Igor Evstafiev (Crimean Republican Sanitary-Epidemiological Station, Simferopol)
Igor Zagorodniuk (National Museum of Natural History, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv)


The role of zoonoses in changes of animal populations and communities is considered. The analysis was carried out using examples of population dynamics of small mammals distributed in the Crimean Peninsula, under the influence of the main zoonoses common for this territory, in particular tularaemia, leptospirosis, Marseille fever, viral tick-borne encephalitis, Ixodes tick-borne borreliosis, Crimea-Congo fever, KU fever, HFRS, and many others. Such data were analysed according to databases on the state of small-mammal populations and zoonoses common in these populations, obtained by original studies over the past 40 years. The role of zoonoses as factors of evolutionary changes in populations of small mammals is considered, in particular as a factor of mortality leading to significant reductions in population numbers and fragmentation of species ranges, as well as factors determining co-evolution of pathogens, vectors (arthropods), and small-mammals as hosts. Both groups of factors lead to the formation of population diversity due to changes in character variability and the formation of new characters associated with adaptations to zoonoses.


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