general info about Theriologia Ukrainica

Novitates Theriologicae

ISSN 2709-491X (print) ISSN 2709-4928 (online)

2021 Vol. 12 Contents of volume >>>



download pdfMelnyk, V. 2021. On the species independence of Carlina cirsioides Klokov (Asteraceae). Novitates Theriologicae, 12: 203212.



On the species independence of Carlina cirsioides Klokov (Asteraceae)


Viktor Melnyk (M. M. Grishko National Botanical Garden, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv)


The systematic position and modern state of populations of the rare species of Ukrainian flora Carlina cirsioides Klokov (Asteraceae) are considered. Since this species is included into the Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009) and the European List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants (1991), it is well-known for European botanists as an endemic of the Ukrainian flora. However, neither the authors of Flora Europaea (1976), nor monographers of the genus Carlina recognize Carlina cirsioides as a separate species. Comparative morphological, chorological, and coenotic analyzes does not allow Carlina cirsioides to be considered as a separate species, endemic and relic of the Ukrainian flora. According to morphological features, specimens from the plains of Ukraine are referred to the subspecies Carlina acaulis caulescens, which is distributed mainly in plain regions of Europe. Ecological and coenotic conditions of habitats of Carlina acaulis in the lowland part of Ukraine are different from its habitats in the Carpathians and Alps and are close to xerotherme grass communities with Carlina acaulis of plains of Central Europe. Steppe communities of Festuco-Brometea class with Carlina acaulis in the Volhynian-Podolian Upland are similar to xerotherme communities with Carlina acaulis of Central Europe. Erico-Pinetea class communities are common habitats for Carlina acaulis in the Ukrainian Polissia and north-eastern Poland. Lowering the species status of Carlina cirsioides from separate species to subspecies Carlina acaulis caulescens does not diminish its phytosozological value. Due to the low number of Carlina acaulis populations in the Volhynian-Podolian Upland and Polissia, all localities of this species in the lowland part of Ukraine need to be provided by protection.


Ukrainian, with English summary



Belousova, LS, LV Denisova, SV Nikitina. 1979. Rare plants of the USSR: Handbook. Forest industry. Moscow, 1-216.
Dmitrash, II, NV Shumskaya. 2011. Distribution and ecological-coenotic features of Carlina cirsioides Klokov and Carlina onopordifolia Besser. ex Szafer, Kulcz. et Pawl. on the Burshtyn Opillia. Theoretical and practical aspects of florology and phytososology: a collection of papers of the All-Ukrainian scientific conference dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the Botanical Museum. Kyiv, 7781.
Ellenberg, H., C. Leuschner. 2010. Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, 11334.
Hegi, G. 1975. Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa. Ed. 2, Paul Parey, Berlin, 6 (2, V): 11386.
Klokov, MV 1954. New Ukrainian compound colors. Botanical materials of the Botanical Institute. VL Komarov, Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Leningrad, 354363.
Klokov, MV 1962. The genus Rectifier - Carlina L. Flora of the USSR. Vol. 2. Publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Kyiv, 419431.
Malinovsky, KA 1980. Vegetation of the highlands of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Science. opinion, Kyiv, 1-280.
Meusel, H., A. Kastner. 1994. Lebensgeschichte der Gold and Silberdisteln. Monographie der mediterran mitteleuropaischen Compositen Gattung Carlina. Wien, 1657.
Nyarady, E. I. 1964. Fam. 107. Compositae Adans. In: Flora Republicii Populare Romine. Editura Academici Republicii Populare Romine, Bucuresti, 154957.
Rabotnov, TA 1983. Phytocenology. 2nd ed. Moscow Publishing House. un-ta. Moscow, 1296.
Red ... 2009. Red Book of Ukraine. Flora. For order. JP Didukha. Globalconsulting, Kyiv, 1900.
Shishkin, BK, EG Bobrov. 1962. Genus Carlina L. In the book: Flora of the USSR. Publishing house of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Moscow, 27: 7787.
Skoroplias, IO 2015. Rare species of the genus Carlina L. flora of Ukraine (geographical distribution, population structure, protection). Author's ref. dis. ... cand. biol. Sciences in the specialty 03.00.05. botany. Kyiv, 124.
Wasilowska, E., D. Wolkowski. 2009. New localities of Carlina acaulis (Asteraceae) in north-eastern Poland. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica, 16 (1): 5964.
Webb, D. A. 1976. Carlina L. In: Flora Europaea. Volume 4. University Press, Cambridge, 208-211.
Zelenchuk TK, AT Zelenchuk. 1996. Ontomorphogenesis and life form of Carlina cirsioides Klok in the conditions of the Western Podolia. Lviv, 113.


online: 15.06.2021 print: 15.06.2021


to main page of journal >>>

created: 15.06.2021
updated: 24.06.2021

Locations of visitors to this page