attempts to find out what role small reserves of
protected steppe play in animal conservation. What
can be preserved with the help of small reserves:
species, population, or a group of individuals?
What role do reserves play in each case? The work
is based on the author's observations of animals
in the territory of Striltsivsky Steppe (division
of Luhansk Nature Reserve of the National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine), which at that time occupied
an area of 522.7 hectares, as well as and in Khomutovsky
Steppe (division of the Ukrainian Natural Steppe
Reserve of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine)
with an area of 1030.4 hectares in the period from
1985 to 2007. Materials of the Chronicles of Nature
of these two reserves are also analysed. The problem
of species protection is considered on the example
of four species: common hamster (Cricetus cricetus),
meadow hawk (Circus pygargus), pink starling (Sturnus
roseus), and barn owl (Asio flammeus). It is investigated
how the protection regime affects the conservation
of these species. Reserves here act as territories,
as state organizations, and as scientific institutions.
It is shown how the use of different functions of
reserves and their combinations in relation to a
particular animal species can contribute to its
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