Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 17 Contents of volume >>>


download pdfMarkovska, O. Small mammals in the main types of ecosystems near the Donets biostation, Ukraine. Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 36-42.


 

title

Small mammals in the main types of ecosystems near the Donets biostation, Ukraine

author(s)

Markovska, O.

affiliation

Kharkiv National University named V. N. Karazin (Kharkiv, Ukraine)

bibliography

Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 36-42.

DOI

http://doi.org/10.15407/pts2019.17.036

   

language

Ukrainian, with English summary, titles of tables, captures to figs, and references

abstract

For many years, research on the species composition of small mammals and monitoring of their abundance on the basis of Donetsk biostation (Zmiyiv district Kharkiv region) have been conducted by students of Kharkov University during summer practice and by employees of the Kharkiv Regional Sanitary-Epidemiological Station. Despite the large amount of accumulated data, recent research did not cover the whole range of habitats typical for this area and, accordingly, modern ideas about the small mammals of these places are extremely incomplete. During 20172018, 10 types of habitats were investigated including different types of oak forests, meadows, forest edges, and agricultural lands. Subsequently, 9 species of mouse-like rodents and 3 species of insectivores were recorded, among which Sylvaemus tauricus, Myodes glareolus, Apodemus agrarius, and S. uralensis dominated. Using the method of trapping by vertical cylinders, the species Neomys fodiens was first recorded for the studied territory and Terricola subterraneus, which has not happened here for the past 10 years. It is worth noting that the T. subterraneus avoided getting into the traps of Hero, which were repeatedly placed near its colonies. Sylvaemus uralensis was noted only in floodplain biotopes and did not occur in the oak forests. For some species, in particular, the Myodes glareolus and Sorex araneus, their migration to wetter habitats is indicated in the summer. The largest species of small mammals is noted on the meadows surrounded by the oak forests, if they have not been systematically disposed of. In the summer, the largest share of caught individuals was recorded in agrocenoses, in particular, especially in crops of early grain crops. A rather low number of caught specimens is noted on the edges of the oak forests, which border on the floodplain meadows there are mainly two types of mouse Sylvaemus tauricus and S. sylvaticus. Results suggest a significant decline in the abundance of small mammals in 2018 compared to previous year, which was manifested by the complete lack of caught individuals in the spring and a slight increase in numbers in the second half of 2018.

keywords

small mammals, habitats, dominance, abundance.

   

references

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