Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 17 Contents of volume >>>


download pdfStetsula, N. Invasive species in the mammal fauna of Skolivski Beskydy Mts (Ukrainian Carpathians). Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 48-59.


 

title

Invasive species in the mammal fauna of Skolivski Beskydy Mts (Ukrainian Carpathians)

author(s)

Stetsula, N.

affiliation

Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University (Drohobych, Ukraine)

bibliography

Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 48-59.

DOI

http://doi.org/10.15407/pts2019.17.***

   

language

Ukrainian, with English extended summary, titles of tables, captures to figs, and references

abstract

The territory of the Skolivski Beskydy National Park is one of the most densely forested and less chanced by human activity physically-geographical regions of the Ukrainian Carpathians, characterized by high landscape diversity and considerable wealth of wild fauna. Investigating the composition of the alien fauna and analyzing their impact on indigenous species, habitats and ecosystems is an urgent problem and needs to be discussed. The industrial activity of the inhabitants within the Skolivski Beskydy was accompanied by a constant increase in anthropogenic impact on the forest ecosystem of the park. The changes in the natural coenotic structure of forests led to a significant reduction in the areas of certain species in the local teriofuana and the areas became accessible to settlement by other species. The consequence of the disordered behavior of alien species in a completely new reality are the changes in the zonal complexes composition due to the loss of the rarity of the biota and the gradual transition of the zonal complexes to the gray biota state. The article analyzes the occurrence of alien species that became possible under anthropogenic conditions and depended on humans (programs for the enrichment of hunting grounds, experiments on the introduction of new species into the culture, etc.), as well as those caused by spontaneous spread and invasion. There are five groups of adventitious species expansive (Eptesicus serotinus, Martes foina, Sciurus vulgaris carpathicus); rehabilitation (Capreolus capreolus, Lutra lutra, Meles meles, Sus scrofa); invasive (Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus); retroinduced (Bison bonasus, (Rupicapra rupicapra), introduced (Oryctolagus cuniculus, Myocastor coypus, Ondatra zibethicus, Cervus nippon, Nyctereutes procyonoides, Dama dama). Projects on the enrichment of the territory's fauna with alien species ended in failure. Thus, under park conditions, indigenous species show a high ability to restore population number. Introduction on the territory of the park is expressed for three species raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from the family Caniformes, muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) from the family Muriformes and fallow deer (Dama dama) from the family Cervidae.

keywords

mammals, alien species, species diversity, protected ecosystems, Skolivski Beskydy, Ukrainian Carpathians.

   

references

Brusentsova, N. 2018. Alien and keystone mammal species in ecosystems: report on the XղII Theriological School-Workshop. Theriologia Ukrainica, 16: 198200. (In Ukrainian)
Zagorodniuk, I. 2012. Symbol species and thematic years of animals in Ukraine. In: Theriofauna of Protected Areas and Mammal Protection. Hola Prystan, Ukrainian Theriological Society, 74. (Novitates Theriologicae; Pars 8). (In Ukrainian)
Merzlikin, I. R. 2018. XXIV Theriological School (2017) Theriological Collections and identification of samples. Prirodnici nauki, 15: 9396. (In Ukrainian)


 


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created: 16.06.2019
updated: 01.10.2019

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