Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 17 Contents of volume >>>


download pdfWarchalowski, M., Pietraszko, M. The emergence time and flight routes used by lesser horseshoe bats of Radziechowy colony (Poland). Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 64-70.


 

title

The emergence time and flight routes used by lesser horseshoe bats of Radziechowy colony (Poland)

author(s)

Warchalowski, M., Pietraszko, M.

affiliation

University of Zielona Gora (Zielona Gora, Poland)
University of Wroclaw (Wroclaw, Poland)

bibliography

Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 64-70.

DOI

http://doi.org/10.15407/pts2019.17.064

   

language

English, with Ukrainian summary, titles of tables, captures to figs

abstract

Lesser horseshoes are bats quite strongly attached to their roost sites and are considered as sedentary species avoiding long-distance migration. In Poland, the range of occurrence of the lesser horseshoe bat is restricted to mountain areas, where they prefer overgrown mountain streams for their feeding grounds. Due to these features, even seemingly small habitat changes are likely to have serious implications for maintaining local subpopulations of this rare and endangered species. In Radziechowy village, where trees were cut in the Wiesnik stream (bat feeding area), a change in the use of feeding grounds by lesser horseshoe bats was observed. This publication additionally describes the time and the manner of departure of bats from their roost. The study was conducted before the logging (2012) and immediately after the logging (20132016), near a church, from the most beneficial point. The study was conducted by a team of 2-3 members, starting each time 15 minutes before sunset and finishing after the bats departure. Lesser horseshoe bats avoid light and open space and they leave their roost in a complicated way. It is established that there is a statistically significant correlation (r = 0.992, p< 0.001) between sunset and emergence time of bats from the roost site. In this paper, during the emergence time, the weather influence was observed. On a cloudy day, an earlier emergence time was observed 9 minutes after the sunset, while the average emergence time for all observations was 23.3 minutes. The conducted detector watches proved that bats most likely use the closest environment of the colony within a radius of 150200 meters. Lesser horseshoe bats were observed in ditches of roadside trees, dense hedges and backyard orchards overgrown with apples and pears, which is typical for this species.

keywords

mountain streams, emergence time, sunset, flight routes way, detector research.

   

references

Afonso, E., P. Tournant, J.-C. H. Foltete, P. Giraudoux, P.-E. Baurand, S. Roue, V. Canella, D. Vey, R. Scheifler.2016. Is the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) exposed to causes that may have contributed to its decline? A non-invasive approach. Global Ecology and Conservation, 8: 123137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2016.09.002
Arlettaz, R., S. Godat, H. Meyer. 2000. Competition for food by expanding pipistrelle bat population (Pipistrelle pipistrellus) might contribute to the decline of lesser horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros). Biological Conservation, 93: 5560. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(99)00112-3
Boldogh, S., D. Dobrosi, P. Samu. 2007. The effects of the illumination of buildings on house-dwelling bats and its conservation consequences. Acta Chiropterologica, 9 (2): 527534. https://doi.org/10.3161/1733-5329(2007)9[527:TEOTIO]2.0.CO;2
Bontadina F., H. Schofield, B. Neaf-Daenzer. 2002. Radio-tracing reveals that lesser horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros) forage in woodland. Journal of Zoology, 258: 281290. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952836902001401
Bontadina F., S. Schmied, A. Beck, R. Arlettaz. 2008. Changes in prey abudance unlikely to explain the demography of a critically endagered central european bat. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45 (2): 641648. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01417.x
Boughey, K., I. Lake, K. Haysom, P. Dolman. 2011. Effects of landscape-scale broadleaved woodland configuration and extent on roost location for six bat species across the UK. Biological Conservation, 144: 23002310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.06.008
Duverge, L., J. Gareth, J. Rydell, R. Ransome. 2000. Functional significance of emergence timing in bats. Ecography, 23: 3240. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2000.tb00258.x
Gareth, J., J. Rydell1994. Foraging strategy and predation risk as factors influencing emergence time in echolocating bats. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, 346 (1318): 445455. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1994.0161
Harmata, W.1960. Obserwacje etologiczne i ekologiczne nad nietoperzami z Lasu Wolskiego. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagielonskiego, 33:163203.
Holzhaider, J., E. Kriner, R. Bernd-Ulrich, A. Zahn.2002. Radio-tracking a lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) in Bavaria: an experiment to locate roosts and foraging sites. Myotis, 40: 4754.
Kapfer, G., A. Serge. 2007. Temporal variation in flight activity, foraging activity and social interactions by bats around a suburban pond. Lutra, 50 (1): 918.
Knight, T., J. Gareth. 2009. Importance of night roosts for bat conservation: roosting behaviour of the lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros. Endangered Species Research, 9: 7986. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00194
Kokurewicz, T., M. Rusinski, J. Haddow, J. Furmankiewicz. 2008. Selekcja siedlisk podkowca malego Rhinolophus hipposideros W Masywie Snieznika (Sudety Wschodnie) w okresie zimowania i rozrodu implikacje dla ochrony gatunku. Przyroda Sudetow Zachodnich Suplement, 3: 726.
Kondracki, J. 2011. Geografia regionalna Polski. PWN. Warszawa, 1441.
Kurek, K., R. W. Myslajek, P. Orysiak, M. Kozakiewicz. 2007 a. Czynniki ksztaltujace aktywnosc nietoperzy nad potokami w Beskidach Zachodnich. Studia i Materialy Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczo-Lesnej, 2 (3): 16.
Kurek, K., R.W. Myslajek, P. Orysiak P., M. Kozakiewicz. 2007 b. Aktywnosc nietoperzy w trzech typach srodowisk o zroznicowanym otoczeniu wzdluz ciekow wodnych w Kotlinie Zywieckiej. Studia Chiropterologica, 5: 719.
McAney, C., J. S. Fairley.1988. Habitat preference and overnight and seasonal variation in the foraging activity of lesser horseshoe bats. Acta theriologica, 33 (28): 393402. https://doi.org/10.4098/AT.arch.88-33
Motte, G., R. Libois.2002. Conservation of the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros Bechstein, 1800) (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in Belgium. A case study of feeding habitat requirements. Belg. J. Zool., 132 (1): 4752.
Piksa, K. 2010. Strategia zarzadzania obszarem Natura 2000 "Kosciol w Radziechowach". Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN Krakow, 115.
Ramovs, V., S. Zidar, M. Zagmajster. 2010. Emergence and flight routes of the lesser horseshoe bats Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800) from a church at Ljubljansko Barje, Central Slovenia. Natura Sloveniae, 12 (2):3553.
Reiter, G., U. Huttmeir, K. Krainer, K. Smole-Wiener, M. Jerabek. 2008. Emergence behaviour of lesser horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros): Intracolony variation in time and space (Carinthia and Salzburg, Austria). Ber. Nat.-Med. Verein Innsbruck. 95: 8193.
Reiter, G., E. Polzer, H. Mixanig, F. Bontadina, U. Huttmeir. 2013. Impact of landscape fragmentation on a specialised woodland bat, Rhinolophus hipposideros. Mammalian Biology, 78: 283289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2012.11.003
Rusoo, D., J. Gareth. 2003. Use of foraging habitats by bats in a Mediterranean area determined by acoustic surveys: conservation implications. Ecography, 26 (2): 197209. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0587.2003.03422.x
Rydell, J., J. Eklof, S. Sanchez-Navarro.2017. Age of enlightenment: long-term effects of outdoor aesthetic lights on bats in churches. R. Soc. open sci., 4: 161077. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.161077
Schofield, H. 1996. The ecology and conservation biology of Rhinolophus hipposideros, the lesser horseshoe bat. PHD thesis, 1208.
Shiel, C. B., J.S. Fairley.1999. Evening emergence of two nursery colonies of Leislers Bat (Nyctalus leisleri) in Ireland. Journal of Zoology, 247 (4): 439447. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1999.tb01007.x
Stone, E., J. Gareth, S. Harris. 2009. Street lighting disturbs commuting bats. Current Biology,19: 11231127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2009.05.058
Stone, E., J. Gareth, S. Harris. 2012. Conserving energy at a cost to biodiversity? Impacts of LED lighting on bats. Global Change Biology, 18 (8): 24582465. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02705.x
Thomas, A., D. Jacobs. 2013. Factors influencing the emergence times of sympatric insectivorous bat species. Acta Chiropterologica, 15 (1): 121132. https://doi.org/10.3161/150811013X667920
Tournant, P., E. Afonso, S. Roue, P. Giraudoux, J.-C. H. Foltete.2013. Evaluating the effect of habitat connectivity on the distribution of lesser horseshoe bat maternity roosts using landscape graphs. Biological Conservation, 164: 3949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.04.013
Weiner, P., A. Zahn. 2000. Roosting ecology, population development, emergence behaviour and diet of a colony of Rhinolophus hipposideros (Chiroptera: Rhinolphidae) in Bavaria. In: Proceedings of the VIIIth EBRS: Approaches to biogeography and ecology of bats. ISEA PAS Krakow, Ed. by B. W. Woloszyn. Krakow, Poland, 231242.
Wickramasinghe, L. P., S. Harris, J. Gareth, N. Vaughan. 2003. Bat activity and species richness on organic and conventional farms: impact of agricultural intensification. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40: 984993. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2003.00856.x
Woloszyn, B., W. Galosz, M. Labocha, T. Postawa.1994. Wstepne wyniki badan nietoperzy w wojewodztwie bielskim oraz postulaty ich ochrony. Chronmy Przyrode Ojczysta, 50 (3): 94102.
Zahn, A., J. Holzhaider, E. Kriner, A. Maier, A. Kayikcioglu.2008. Foraging activity of Rhinolophus hipposideros on the island of Herrenchiemsee, Upper Bavaria. Mammalian Biology, 73: 222229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2007.02.005
Zukal, J., Z. Rehak 2006. Flight activity and habitat preference of bats in a karstic area, as revealed by bat detectors.Folia Zool., 55 (3): 273281.


 


to main page of journal >>>

created: 16.06.2019
updated: 01.10.2019

Locations of visitors to this page