Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 17 Contents of volume >>>


download pdfVikyrchak, A., Bachynskyi, A. Experience and results of acclimatization of the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Ternopil region in 19761980. Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 99-102.


 

title

Experience and results of acclimatization of the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Ternopil region in 19761980

author(s)

Vikyrchak, A., Bachynskyi, A.

affiliation

National Nature Park Dnistrovsky Canyon (Zalischyky, Ukraine)

bibliography

Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 99-102.

DOI

http://doi.org/10.15407/pts2019.17.***

   

language

Ukrainian, with English extended summary, titles of tables, captures to figs, and references

abstract

An attempt is made to acclimatize the European rabbit in Podillia in the valley of the Seret River (Ternopil oblast), which was carried out in 1976-1980. The article describes the characterization of the biotope conditions, anthropogenic loading in the region of the European rabbit acclimatization, which determined the temporary success of the species settlement. Based on eyewitness accounts and organizers of this event, the moment of creating an artificial population of the species, the origin of the material for resettlement, its flourishing and fading is described. Despite the generally satisfactory summer trophic base in the settlements and the lack of competition from domestic herbivores, maintaining the high rabbit number for four years played the fact of feeding (especially winter) and partial protection of animals on the aviary and in the vicinity of it by hunters of the hunters and fishermen community. Hence, the animals could annually replenish the number of the population in more distant places. During the flowering period of the studied population of animals, the local population was actively cultivating, but this presence and presence of the surrounding fauna of wild predators did not cause a noticeable reduction in the number of rabbits. Respondents reported a sudden, unexpected disappearance. The authors conclude that, despite the favorable orographic and geological conditions, the European rabbit in the conditions of the Canyon Transdnistria, a completely satisfying trophic base cannot create completely independent populations that would exist without human support. The limiting factor is the duration of the winter period. In conditions of myxomatosis spread the existence of artificially created populations in the region is not possible even under the condition of minimal biotechnical measures.

keywords

European rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus, acclimatization, distribution, Podillya, Pridnestry.

   

references

Brusentsova, N. 2018. Alien and keystone mammal species in ecosystems: report on the XղII Theriological School-Workshop. Theriologia Ukrainica, 16: 198200. (In Ukrainian)
Zagorodniuk, I. 2012. Symbol species and thematic years of animals in Ukraine. In: Theriofauna of Protected Areas and Mammal Protection. Hola Prystan, Ukrainian Theriological Society, 74. (Novitates Theriologicae; Pars 8). (In Ukrainian)
Merzlikin, I. R. 2018. XXIV Theriological School (2017) Theriological Collections and identification of samples. Prirodnici nauki, 15: 9396. (In Ukrainian)


 


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created: 16.06.2019
updated: 01.10.2019

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