Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 17 Contents of volume >>>


download pdfDatsiuk, V. The steppe marmot (Marmota bobak) in the north of Odesa Oblast (Ukraine). Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 92-96.


 

title

The steppe marmot (Marmota bobak) in the north of Odesa Oblast (Ukraine)

author(s)

Datsiuk, V.

affiliation

Odesa Regional Laboratory Centre of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (Odesa, Ukraine)

bibliography

Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 92-96.

DOI

http://doi.org/10.15407/pts2019.17.092

   

language

Ukrainian, with English summary, titles of tables, captures to figs, and references

abstract

An attempt is made to acclimatize the European rabbit in Podillia in the valley of the Seret River (Ternopil oblast), which was carried out in 1976-1980. The article describes the characterization of the biotope conditions, anthropogenic loading in the region of the European rabbit acclimatization, which determined the temporary success of the species settlement. Based on eyewitness accounts and organizers of this event, the moment of creating an artificial population of the species, the origin of the material for resettlement, its flourishing and fading is described. Despite the generally satisfactory summer trophic base in the settlements and the lack of competition from domestic herbivores, maintaining the high rabbit number for four years played the fact of feeding (especially winter) and partial protection of animals on the aviary and in the vicinity of it by hunters of the hunters and fishermen community. Hence, the animals could annually replenish the number of the population in more distant places. During the flowering period of the studied population of animals, the local population was actively cultivating, but this presence and presence of the surrounding fauna of wild predators did not cause a noticeable reduction in the number of rabbits. Respondents reported a sudden, unexpected disappearance. The authors conclude that, despite the favorable orographic and geological conditions, the European rabbit in the conditions of the Canyon Transdnistria, a completely satisfying trophic base cannot create completely independent populations that would exist without human support. The limiting factor is the duration of the winter period. In conditions of myxomatosis spread the existence of artificially created populations in the region is not possible even under the condition of minimal biotechnical measures.

keywords

steppe marmot, Marmota bobak, artificial colony, anthropogenic influence, Podillia.

   

references

Tokarsky, B. A., V. V. Grubnik, A. S. Avdeev. 2006.Reacclimatization of marmot (Marmota bobk Mull., 1776) in Ukraine. The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series Biology, No. 4,  748: 100109. (In Russian)
Tokarsky, V. A.2002. Steppe marmot Marmota bobak (Rodentia, Sciuridae) in Ukraine. Social mutual relations. Visnyk of the Luhansk Pedagogical University. Biological Sciences,  1 (45): 95103. (In Ukrainian)
Tokarsky, V. A. 2004.Historical changes of the geographical ranges and abundance of the steppe Marmot (Marmota bobak Muller, 1776) in Ukraine. Scientists Notes the Taurian National University. Series Biology, Chemistry, 17 (56), No. 2: 173185. (In Russian)
Zagorodniuk, I. V. 1999. Steppe fauna core of Eastern Europe: its structure and prospects of protection. Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, No. 5: 203210. (In Ukrainian)
Zagorodniuk, I., A. Pirkhal. 2013. Mammals of Podillia: taxonomy and changes of fauna composition during last century. Proceedings of the State Natural History Museum (Lviv), 29: 189202. (In Ukrainian)
Zagorodniuk, I., M. Korobchenko. 2008. Rare fauna of eastern Ukraine: composition and distribution of rare species. In: Zagorodniuk, I. (ed.). Rarity mammal fauna and its protection. Luhansk, 107156. (Series: Proceedings of the Theriological School; Vol. 9). (In Ukrainian)


 


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updated: 01.10.2019

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