Theriologia Ukrainica
(former Proceedings of the Theriological School)

ISSN 2616-7379 (print) ISSN 2617-1120 (online)

2019 Vol. 17 Contents of volume >>>

download pdfStelmach, S. M. A techniques for quantitative census of the pine marten (Martes martes L.) by the route method in large forested areas. Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 104-111.



A techniques for quantitative census of the pine marten (Martes martes L.) by the route method in large forested areas


Stelmach, S. M.


Yavorivsky National Park (Ivano-Frankove, Ukraine)


Theriologia Ukrainica. 2019. Vol. 17: 104-111.




Ukrainian, with English summary, titles of tables, captures to figs, and references


The article highlights the main organizational and methodological approaches to census of the pine marten in large forested areas of Ukraine. It is expedient to use this method to record the pine marten in regions rich in forests where significant resources of this promising game species are concentrated. The method consists of 3 stages, including allocation of forest areas and laying the route schemes on maps. In particular, large forests with an area of at least 10,000 hectares should be selected. Smaller forests (1000 ha) may also be included, however, provided that they are located in close proximity (up to 2 km) and their total area is not less than 10,000 hectares. Then we draw routes on maps. The accounting routes are laid evenly over the entire area of the forest, so that they cover all forest plantations that are characteristic of an array. The length of the routes is 5 to 10 km. The second stage is field studies counting the intersections of tracks on routes and tracking the daily movements of martens. The number of pine martens is best to be estimated from February 10 to March 10. The work on the account of the number of pine marten should be carried out not earlier than two days after the snowfall. Accounting is not carried out in periods with very low air temperatures (less than -10 C) and thaws. The average length of the daily path of the marten is determined on the day of census. The third stage involves processing of field materials using Formosans updated formula. The direct processing of field data is carried out by local hunting experts. Subsequently, the materials are transmitted to the Hunting Departments of the Regional Forestry and Hunting Offices for analysis and generalization across the region. The given method allows to determine the population density of the pine marten within the administrative regions of Ukraine, and can be used by officials (hunters) and scientists (zoologists) as the main monitoring method of the state of marten populations.


pine marten, number, method of accounting, forest arrays.



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